Hybrid Western Pumpkin Cultivation Technique

1. Choose the land. The dry soil should be selected with deep soil layers and convenient irrigation and drainage to prevent the pumpkin from being drowned. Linyi Fertilizer Network Copyright
Linyi Fertilizer Network Copyright
2, land preparation. It is planted with large ridges and has a ridge width of 2.5 meters (groove). For convenient irrigation and drainage, it can be planted with “climbing” and the ridge width is 5.0 meters. Linyi Fertilizer Network Copyright
Linyi Fertilizer Network Copyright
3, soaking seeds and germination. Soak the pumpkin in the sun for a day, soak it in warm water at 50 °C (with no hot hand) for 1 to 1.5 hours, remove the dried seed surface, cover the water with a plastic film and place it on the electric blanket to keep the temperature at 30 °C. Pay attention to ventilation. Such as a small amount of seeds, can be plunged into the arms to germination, after most of the seeds are germinated, sowing. Linyi Fertilizer Network Copyright
Linyi Fertilizer Network Copyright
4. Sowing. There are two kinds of seedling transplanting and field live broadcasting. Linyi Fertilizer Network Copyright
Linyi Fertilizer Network Copyright
(1) Seedling transplanting. The suitable sowing date in the Jianghuai area is early April, and the latest is not more than April 10. It is better to use nutrient sputum plus small arch shed to raise seedlings. The seedling age is about 20 days. After the late frost in mid-April, the two leaves are planted in the field. After planting, it must cover a 1 meter wide mulch to increase the temperature. Promote the growth of melon seedlings. Linyi Fertilizer Network Copyright
Linyi Fertilizer Network Copyright
(2) Live in Daejeon. The live broadcast should be planted slightly later than the seedling transplanting. In order to avoid the late high temperature weather, the seedling should be planted as soon as possible after the night frost. Generally, the sowing date is April 10-15, and no later than April 18. Breeding before planting, the raft is 2.5 meters wide and the plant spacing is 0.45 meters. In order to ensure Qi Miao, broadcast some seeds to prepare for seedlings. If the local underground pests are heavier, it is necessary to bring the medicine under the species (such as trichlorfon, omethoate, etc. with a large smell, and also prevent rodents). After sowing, cover the mulch in time. After the seed is emerged, the membrane is broken in time to prevent the temperature from being too high. Linyi Fertilizer Network Copyright
Linyi Fertilizer Network Copyright
5. Cultivation density. The line spacing is 2.5 meters, the plant spacing is 0.45 meters, and about 600 plants are planted per acre. Linyi Fertilizer Network Copyright
Linyi Fertilizer Network Copyright
6, fertilization. 20-30 tons of soil and fertilizer per acre, 50 kg of cake fertilizer, 30 kg of compound fertilizer, after the young fruit seat is stable, depending on the seedlings, 5-10 kg of urea is applied. Linyi Fertilizer Network Copyright
Linyi Fertilizer Network Copyright
7, pruning and vine. Double vine pruning is used. When the melon seedling grows to 5-6 true leaves, the heart is selected. Two strong side vines are selected from the base, and the vines on the side vine and the side vine are removed from the base. After the young melon is stable, it will be topped and will not be pruned in the future. When the vine is 0.5-0.6 m, the vine is started, and then it is pressed once every 0.4 m, and the pressure is 2-3 times. Linyi Fertilizer Network Copyright
Linyi Fertilizer Network Copyright
8, artificial pollination in order to improve the fruit set rate, should be supplemented by artificial pollination, in case of rainy days, artificial pollination must be carried out. Linyi Fertilizer Network Copyright
Linyi Fertilizer Network Copyright
9, thin flowers and fruit. In order to improve the commerciality, each pumpkin leaves a fruit, and the female flower fruit after 10 knots should be selected. Each fruit of the plant is 2 fruits, and the remaining female flowers or young fruits are removed in time. Linyi Fertilizer Network Copyright
Linyi Fertilizer Network Copyright
10. Field management. Pumpkins are drought-tolerant and wet, requiring less water during the growth period. After the young melon is stable, it should be combined with top dressing and water. The rest of the time can be determined according to the condition of the seedling. To ensure the quality, it is not suitable to water for 10 days before harvesting. Linyi Fertilizer Network Copyright
Linyi Fertilizer Network Copyright
11, fruit protection. After the baby is swollen rapidly, use the waste tiles and other things to pad the melons. If the melons are born in the mantle, they can be moved to the heights to avoid the wet and rotted melons. In case of sunburn, it is necessary to cover the yin with grass or melon leaves. Linyi Fertilizer Network Copyright
Linyi Fertilizer Network Copyright
12. Harvesting. About 40 days after pollination, when the reticular crack is apparent at the stalk, it is harvested at the right time. Harvest must be selected sunny, and the juice in the handle is dried. Do not wash the melon with water. Transport melons and keep them ventilated and dry. Linyi Fertilizer Network Copyright
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